The car battery is the heart and soul of your vehicle. The more you know about the car battery and the electrical system of your car, the better will be your ride. There will be less chance of getting stranded in the middle of the road due to a dead battery. At SF Sonic, we feel it is essential to know your car battery for a safe and enjoyable drive. Follow along, as we give you a simple understanding of what is car battery, how it gets made, and how it functions. Knowledge sure is power when it comes to the car battery and electrical system.
What is a Car battery?
A car battery consists of different cells, and these cells are a storehouse of chemical energy. They transform this chemical energy into electrical energy on command. In a nutshell, it is mainly a device that can convert chemical energy into electrical energy. It is this electrical energy that powers the different devices in your car, including lights, power windows and more.
What are the Components in a car battery?
There are five main components in a car battery. It includes,
- A plastic container
- Positive and negative internal plates, which are usually made of lead
- Porous synthetic material separators
- Electrolyte or battery fluid, which is a dilute solution of water and sulfuric acid
How is Car Battery Made?
The process starts with the manufacturing of plastic containers and their covers made of polypropylene. This container gets divided into six sections. Then, the process of making lead grids or plates starts. These plates get made of an alloy of lead or other metals. A battery should have positive and negative plates to conduct charge. Then, a paste is made using sulfuric acid, lead oxide powder and water, which is applied to the grids. The plates are placed inside the container using separators to prevent short circuit. A positive plate, separator and negative plate get arranged, and it is referred to as an element. There is one such element in every cell, which is connected to metal to conduct electricity. Then, the terminals get welded, and the battery gets filled with electrolyte. Finally, the process of charging the battery starts by connecting the terminals with a source of electricity.
How Does the Car Battery Function?
Once a standard 12-volt battery is made using the above process, the plates get submerged in sulfuric acid, and they trigger a reaction between the plates that lead to the generation of ions and lead sulfate. The ions also react with the adjoining plates to produce hydrogen and lead sulfate. The result is the production of electrons, which move around the plates to produce electricity. The electricity flows around the terminals to start the engine, headlight and radio.
This whole process of a chemical reaction is reversible as well. So, you can jump-start the battery and charge it throughout its shelf life.
The average shelf life of a battery is 3-5 years. However, it varies as it depends on several factors like driving habits, daily run, climate conditions and more. If the battery health is deteriorating, you may get a signal with delayed engine start, dim headlights, smartphone not charging at the average speed and like. If you notice any such symptoms, you should check the car battery and replace it immediately.
When you plan to buy a new battery, ensure you get a robust piece with a warranty like an SF Sonic Flash Start battery. Designed to last long, it will provide instant ignition, prevent acidic corrosion and sparks and require zero maintenance and topping. You can connect to know more about the different automobile and car batteries and drive carefree. Check for car battery online too and let an SF Sonic battery specialist guide you for your next car battery purchase.